Posts Categorized: Umrah

Mistakes during Tawaf

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Some mistakes that occur during tawaf (circling Ka’bah) are:
1 – Uttering the intention aloud. For example, the pilgrim stands facing the Black Stone and says, “O Allah, I intend to do seven circuits of tawaf for Umrah” or the like.
2 – Pushing and shoving. This is especially true when people go to touch the Black Stone. They are disturbed by others and then go onto disturb others themselves. Instead, he should remain calm and dignified, so that he will have the proper presence of mind for worshipping Allah. The Prophet said, “Tawaf around the House, the running between Safa and Marwah, and the stoning have only been prescribed so remember Allah (dhikr).”
3 – Tawaf is not valid unless one kisses the Black Stone. This is a mistaken notion. Kissing the Black Stone is a sunnah (recommended act). Moreover, it is not an independent sunnah either, rather it is sunnah for the one who is doing tawaf. If there is a lot of crowding then pointing is better than touching, because this is what the Messenger of Allah did when the place was crowded, and because by doing this a person avoids harm that he may do to others or that others may do to him.
4 – Kissing the Yemeni Corner. There is no authentic proof concerning this from the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).
5 – Touching the Black Stone with the left hand. It is customary to use the right hand in matters of respect.
6 – Touching the Black Stone just for the sake of it or as part of a “bucket list.” The purpose of touching the Black Stone or wiping it or kissing it is to glorify Allah. Hence, when the Prophet touched the Black Stone, he said: “Allahu Akbar,” as an indication that the purpose of this action is to glorify Allah.

Types of Tawaf

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There are six types of tawaf (circling) around the Ka’bah:
1 – Tawaf Al-Qudum (circling of arrival) for Hajj. This is done by the pilgrim who has entered ihram for Hajj. The scholars differed on whether or not it is obligatory.
2 – Tawaf Al-Ifadah during Hajj, which is also called tawaf al-ziyaarah (circling of visiting). It takes place after the standing in Arafah, on the day of al-Adha, or after it. It is one of the essential parts of the Hajj.
3 – Tawaf Al-Umrah. It is one of the essential parts of Umrah.
4 – Tawaf Al-Wada’ (the farewell tawaf), which is done after completing the actions of Hajj and when one has decided to leave Makkah. It is obligatory, according to one of two scholarly opinions, for all pilgrims except women who are menstruating or in post-natal bleeding. The one who fails to do it must sacrifice an animal of the type that is valid as an udhiyah.
5 – Tawaf in fulfilment of a vow made by one who vowed to do it. It is obligatory because fulfilling vows is obligatory.
6 – Voluntary tawaf
Each one of these tawafs must include seven circuits, after which the person offers two units behind Maqam Ibrahim, if possible; if he cannot do that then he may offer the prayer in any other part of the mosque.

Names of Madinah

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Al-Madinah has been given many names. Historians have traced about 100 names given to Al-Madinah. It used to be part of early Arab culture that when they favoured and cherished something they would give it many names.
However, about 6 have been authentically traced back to the Prophet’s era salla Allahu `alayhi wa sallam.
1. Yathrib (يَثْرِب)

This is the name of the city before the advent of Islam. The Prophet changed its name and directed the Muslims not to use the ancient name.
2. Al-Madinah (المَدِينَة – The City)
This is the name by which it became known after the Hijrah. This name is mentioned several times in the Qur’an and Hadith.
3-4. Tabah (طابَة – Pleasent) and Taybah (طَيْبَة – Good)
The Messenger of Allah made a reference to the city with these two names.
5-6. Al-Dar (الدَّار –Home) and Al-Eman (الإِيْمَان – Faith)
These are two names are mentioned in the Qur’an: “And (it is also for) those who, before them, had residence in the Home and the Faith…” (59:9)
As for Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah (المَدِينَة المُنَوَّرَة – The illuminated City) then this appeared in the third century and became popularised during the Ottoman Empire.

Loving Madinah over Makkah?

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I don’t know why but my heart always inclined towards Madinah more so than Makkah. Perhaps it’s because of the serenity and calmness of Madinah as opposed to the congestion of Makkah. It bothered me, “Am I doing something wrong? Isn’t Makkah more virtuous than Madinah?”
Shaykh Salih al-Suhaymi put my heart at rest:

Al-Multazam – Why do people cling onto the Kabah?

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The multazam (place of clinging) is the area wherein a supplicant rests his chest, forearms including the palms and his face against it, making du’a to Allah. Therein he would praise and glorify Allah, taking refuge with Him, seeking His forgiveness and asking for his needs.
The multazam is the part of the Ka’bah that is between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka’bah according to the most popular opinion.
Some reports indicate that it is the back wall of the Ka’bah whilst other reports indicate that it is under the mizab (drain pipe located at the top of one of the walls of the Ka’bah).
Some scholars viewed that the multazam is every part of the Ka’bah. This view, though not adopted by many, appears to be very probable. This is because if all the narrations supporting the different views are authentic then it indicates that the actions of the sahabah (companions), may Allah be pleased with them, was not to specify a particular place, but it was according to what was easy for them or what was known among them. And Allah knows best.

It should be noted that the authenticity of those narrations tracing back to the Prophet salla Allahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, connecting the multzam to him, are debated over. However, we have authentic narrations attributing the multazam to the companions and the generations that followed them.
There is no specific du’a that should be said at the multazam. The scholars have stated that the Muslim may cling on to the multazam when he enters the Ka’bah, or when performing the Farewell Tawaf, or at any time he wishes.
If one observes the multazam then he should not cause difficulty for other people by offering a lengthy du’a. He is not to annoy or harm the Believers in an attempt to reach the wall.